Bullying is defined by stopbullying.gov as “unwanted, aggressive behavior among school-aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance.” This behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Bullying can have lasting effects on children who are bullied and those who bully others.
There are three types of bullying: verbal, social, and physical. These includes harmful actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically and verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.
Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place over digital devices such as cell phones, computers, and tablets and can occur through text messages, apps, social media, forums, or gaming platforms. Although all states have laws requiring schools to respond to bullying, many states do not include cyberbullying under these laws or specify the role schools should play in responding to bullying that takes place outside of the school.
Educators should establish a safe-school climate where all students know how to respond when bullying happens. Stopbullying.gov offers the following tips for educators to respond to bullying:
Stopbullying.gov offers ways to get help if you suspect someone is being bullied or in danger.
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